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ciohencadeten.ml: A War To Be Won: Fighting the Second World War as is the pillage and rape that Red Army soldiers inflicted on prisoners and civilians within reach. In this comprehensive history of the military aspect of World War II . There's no revisionist history (in fact the authors rebut some of it) and the authors are.
Table of contents
- The Tragedy of the American Military
- The Tragedy of the American Military - The Atlantic
- Navigation menu
China has the world's largest, with 2. America is second with 1. India has 1.
Of the world's 20 largest militaries, 14 are in developing nations? At the beginning of there were 30 wars going on around the world. There is no single "war gene. However, aggression is a product of biology and environment. In America, sources of aggressive dispositions include domestic violence, the portrayal of violence in the media, threats from enemies, and combat training. Worldwide, 97 percent of today's military personnel are male. This is thought to be a reflection of culture and biology.
Fifteen percent , of American military personnel are female. While fewer women are "natural killers," and women are on average smaller than men, there are many women who have the psychological makeup and the physical ability to fight. There are many men without either. Women have shown valor in combat.
War is often regarded by observers as honorable and noble. It can be viewed as a contest between nations, a chance to compete and be declared the victor. Between 65 and 85 percent of the American public will support a military action when it begins. Vietnam had 64 percent support in As American casualties mount, support often decreases.
The Korean and Vietnam Wars ended with support levels near 30 percent. World War II support levels never fell below 77 percent, despite the prolonged and damaging nature of the conflict. The Gulf War enjoyed similar levels of support. The active peacetime force of the U. The Navy has approximately , men and women on active duty. The Air Force has approximately ,, and the Marines have approximately , Approximately 1. More than , Americans have been killed in combat. Another , have died while wars were being fought, due to training accidents, injury, and disease.
Including deaths from disease, accidents, and other factors, each war's total was much higher: approximately , died in World War I, , in World War II, 53, in the Korean War, 90, in Vietnam, and almost in the Gulf War. It is difficult to measure how many enemy deaths American armed forces have inflicted. Americans and their allies typically cause 10 to 20 times more combat casualties than American forces suffer. Estimates of Iraqi soldiers killed in the Gulf War range from 1, to , The lowest figure would still be 10 times the number of Americans killed in the war. Approximately , Vietcong died in the Vietnam War, 18 times the 47, U.
More than , North Korean and 1 million Chinese fighters died in the Korean War, almost 50 times the 33, American dead. In World War II, 3,, German and 1,, Japanese soldiers, sailors, and pilots were killed, 16 times the , American servicemen who were killed. How much does it cost the United States to maintain its armed forces?
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Since , America has spent between 3 and 6 percent of its gross domestic product on national defense, or approximately 15 to 30 percent of each year's federal budget. Besides the 1. The defense industry employs another 3 million. In total, the military and its supporting manufacturing base employs 3.
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The level of 3. In , toward the end of the cold war, defense including the military made up 5. After World War II, defense employment dropped to 4. Defense aerospace, defense electronics, and miscellaneous defense are the 31st-, 44th-, and 46th-ranking industries, respectively. In , U. The United States is the world's largest arms manufacturer, supplying almost half of all the arms sold on the world market. However Congress passed a blanket pardon in The first was formed; No.
The first became operational in February and the Squadrons scored their first kill in July Army Air Forces and became the 4th Fighter Group.
Another notable example was the Flying Tigers , created by Claire L. Chennault , a retired U.
The Tragedy of the American Military
As a unit they would serve in the Chinese Air Force to fight against the Japanese. The group comprised three fighter squadrons of around thirty aircraft each, the AVG's first combat mission was on December 20, , twelve days after the Pearl Harbor attack. Fourteenth Air Force.
During their time in the Chinese Air Force, they succeeded in destroying enemy aircraft,  while losing only fourteen pilots in combat. In President Franklin D.
The Tragedy of the American Military - The Atlantic
Marshall in charge of the Army, and in nominal control of the Air Force, which in practice was commanded by General Hap Arnold on Marshall's behalf. Roosevelt formed a new body, the Joint Chiefs of Staff , which made the final decisions on American military strategy and as the chief policy-making body for the armed forces. Leahy , who became FDR's chief military advisor and the highest military officer of the US at that time. As the war progressed Marshall became the dominant voice in the JCS in the shaping of strategy.
The year marked a change in attitude in the United States. The German victories in France , Poland and elsewhere, combined with the Battle of Britain , led many Americans to believe that some intervention would be needed. By the United States was taking an active part in the war, despite its nominal neutrality. In spring U-boats began their "wolf-pack" tactics which threatened to sever the trans- Atlantic supply line; Roosevelt extended the Pan-American Security Zone east almost as far as Iceland. On June 16, , after negotiation with Churchill , Roosevelt ordered the United States occupation of Iceland to replace the British invasion forces.
Marines commenced landing on July 8, and disembarkation was completed on July On August 6, the U. Army personnel began arriving in Iceland in August, and the Marines had been transferred to the Pacific by March The agreement was for the US military to remain until the end of the war although the US military presence in Iceland remained through , as postwar Iceland became a member of NATO. American warships escorting Allied convoys in the western Atlantic had several hostile encounters with U-boats. A week later Roosevelt ordered American warships to attack U-boats on sight.
The established grand strategy of the Allies was to defeat Germany and its allies in Europe first, and then focus could shift towards Japan in the Pacific. This was because two of the Allied capitals London and Moscow could be directly threatened by Germany, but none of the major Allied capitals were threatened by Japan. Germany was the United Kingdom's primary threat, especially after the Fall of France in , which saw Germany overrun most of the countries of Western Europe, leaving the United Kingdom alone to combat Germany.
Germany's planned invasion of the UK, Operation Sea Lion, was averted by its failure to establish air superiority in the Battle of Britain. At the same time, war with Japan in East Asia seemed increasingly likely. Although the U. In the March 29, report of the ABC-1 conference , the Americans and British agreed that their strategic objectives were: 1 "The early defeat of Germany as the predominant member of the Axis with the principal military effort of the United States being exerted in the Atlantic and European area; and 2 A strategic defensive in the Far East.
The UK feared that, if the United States was diverted from its main focus in Europe to the Pacific Japan , Hitler might crush both the Soviet Union and Britain, and would then become an unconquerable fortress in Europe.